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Monday, July 19, 2010

Хичээл 5 ТООНЫ НЭР (The Numeral)

ТООНЫ НЭР (The Numeral)

Їндсэн тооны нэр (Cardinal numerals)

1 -one, 2 - two, 3 - three, 4 - four, 5 - five, 6 - six, 7 - seven, 8 - eight, 9 - nine, 10 - ten,11- eleven, 12 - twelve, 13 - thirteen, 14 - fourteen,15 - fifteen, 16 - sixteen, 17 - seventeen, 18 - eighteen, 19 - nineteen, 20 - twenty, 21 - twenty one, 22 - twenty two, 30 - thirty, 40 - forty, 50 - fifty, 60 - sixty, 70 - seventy, 80 - eighty, 90 - ninety, 100 - a (one) hundred,101 - a (one) hundred and one, 200 - two hundred, 1000 - a (one) thousand, 2000 - two thousand, 100 000 - a (one) hundred thousand, 1 000 000 - a (one) million, 2 000 000 - two million(s)

Дэс тоо ба бутархай тоо (Ordinal numerals and Fractional numerals)

Ordinal numerals = Cardinal numerals + th : the hundredth . Дїрэм бус : first, second, third (1st, 2nd, 3rd)
Бичих їед анхаар : five - fifth, eight - eighth, nine - ninth, twelve - twelfth, twenty - twenthieth гэх мэт.
Цаг тоолол : He was born on July 14th буюу on the 23rd of July ; Хаад ноёдын нэр : Elizabeth II - Elizabeth the second (уншихдаа)
Дэс тооны ємнє "the" тухайлах ялгац гишїїн авдаг. the first, the second, the eleventh, 101 - the hundred
and first
Энгийн бутархай (Common Fractions): 1/2 a (one) half, 1/3 one third, 2/5 two fifths, 2.3/7 two and three sevenths
Аравтын бутархай (Decimal Fractions): 0.3 nought (zero) point three, 2.35 two point three five (thirty five)

Тоон їйл хавсрал

Дэс дараа : эхлээд - дараа нь = first - then :
First he lived at home, then he went to England. - Эхлээд тэр гэртээ амьдарч байсан дараа нь Англи явсан.

Зєрчил : эхэндээ - сїїлдээ = at first - at last, at lenght :
At first I believed him, but at last I became distrustful. - Эхний удаа би тїїнд итгэсэн, харин эцэст нь итгэлгїй болсон.

Бїртгэх : нэгдїгээрт = firstly буюу in the first place ; гуравдугаарт = thirdly буюу in the third place . . . ; тавын тооноос эхлээд зєвхєн in the fifth place гэх мэт. Жишээ нь : зургадугаарт = in the sixth place

Давтамж :

нэг удаа

=once

хэдэн удаа?

=how many times?

гурван удаа

three times (thrice)

хоёр удаа

=twice

заримдаа, хааяа

=sometimes

дахин

once more

Хувилалт:

нэг дахин

=single

гурав дахин

=treble, threefould

100 дахин

=a (one) hundredfold

хоёр дахин

=double

дєрєв дахин

=fourfold

олон дахин

=manifold гэх мэт

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